Pre-birth rituals are performed:This ceremony is performed in the second, third and the fourth month of pregnancy. The meaning and object of this ceremony is to "quicken a male child" in the woman. The Pumsavana is performed on a day of male Nakshatra. During this ritual, a few drops of the juice of the Banyan stem are put into the right nostril of the pregnant lady to inhale it, with a prayer for the birth of a son or a worthy child. According to Saga "Susruta", the great Ayurvedic writer, the juice of the Banyan tree has all the properties of relieving trouble during pregnancy.Sanctified thread is tied to the left wrist of the lady by way of protection. The mantras, freely rendered, pray: ""May God Isana fulfil our wishes; Dhata bless the world with children and wealth. May He bless this household too with children. May the immortals live in this house. May Agni bless me with sons. May Indra bless me with children. May I have handsome children."

a) To know and understand the importance of pregnancy as a condition;
b) For the overall development of the unborn child - physical, mental and spiritual;
c) To create a favorable environment for the expectant mother, with emphasis on her eating habits and her emotional and     physical well being.

Usually, after the completion of three months of pregnancy, but may also be done later. It is believed that after the third month, the child in the womb starts taking a shape. It is in this period that the foetal brain begins to develop. It is important to provide a healthy environment to the unborn child, through the mother. Her positive thoughts, emotions and habits are all considered beneficial to the child.


This is performed during the period between the fifth and the eighth months
of pregnancy. The specific materials used during this Samskara, that are for the lady only, are, the quill of a porcupine, an ear of ripe paddy and some Udumbara leaves. The deity invoked is Rika, the presiding deity of the full-moon. Their implications are: that the pregnancy should be fruitful; the child should be endowed with sharp and penetrating intellect (like the sharp quill of the porcupine). The child should be beautiful like the full-moon. The gist of the Mantra is: "I beseech the goddess Raka. May she make this ceremony blameless. May my son be endowed with sharp intellect."Music, especially on the veena, is indicated to be played on this occasion. This increases the mothers suckling power besides conferring other psychological benefits. Ladies are asked to sing: "Be a mother of heroic sons" thus creating a heroic atmosphere. The mother fasts and keeps silent after the ceremony till night time when the stars become visible. At the close of the ceremony she touches a male calf, symbolizing a son.At the time of pregnancy this is performed for the health and wealth of to born Baby and also for normal delivery.
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